A man on the beach living in Spain

Living in Spain is a dream for many. And, it is no surprise that Spain ranks near the top of most Expat satisfaction surveys. Let’s explore what it’s really like to live in Spain as an Expat.

A man and his child on a beach, living in Spain

Is Spain a good place to live in 2024?

We’ve spoken to hundreds of Expats living in Spain to get their view of their new home. And, most Expats are quick to talk about the quality of life in Spain.

There is an overarching view that life is for living. Taking time to chat over coffee with a friend, having Sunday lunch with the family, and taking a siesta are all part of this feeling. The climate, natural beauty, and cost of living all help. And then there are the welcoming Spanish people themselves.

But that’s the surface. Let’s take a deeper look at what living in Spain is really like for Expats.

Language for Expats living in Spain

We speak enough Spanish to get by in our day-to-day life in Spain. We can make small talk with the neighbors and chat with friends. However, we still feel frustrated in some situations. And, we haven’t yet started trying to learn Catalan!

For Expats living in Spain, learning the local language is a personal decision. Be aware: Spain has one of the lowest levels of English speakers, and almost 50% of Spain’s young people speak no foreign language. This is not surprising as Spanish is the second most common language spoken around the world. However, as an Expat in Spain, you might experience some culture shock trying to communicate.

Getting by day-to-day without any Spanish is just about possible (if difficult) in some areas. Major Spanish cities and tourist areas offer many public services in English, but you do miss out on a part of life without learning some of the local languages. Expat life in Spain can certainly be improved with some understanding of Spanish.

And in smaller towns, government services, and other areas, sometimes any foreign language (including English) is useless. If you don’t learn some local lingo, you’ll need to ask for help from a friend sooner or later!

For example, getting a visa or your local residency card is impossible without speaking Spanish. If you don’t yet speak Spanish, you’ll need to hire an excellent Spanish immigration partner to help you.

How to learn Spanish

We’ve had varying success with a range of Spanish language methods. There are two that we’ve found most effective (and one that has often been recommended).

  1. iTalki – this online platform offers 1:1 virtual lessons with tutors and teachers. You can chat and have structured lessons, depending on your needs. The flexibility and choice are a real bonus if you are time-poor.
  2. There is a beginner’s Spanish course on Udemy that we’ve also used. It is based on repetition and slowly building usable language. You learn to order a coffee and a beer in the first lesson, which may explain why we like it.
  3. FluentU: This language learning method gets fantastic reviews. Learn at your own pace with a wide range of resources. We haven’t used them personally, but we know people who rave about them.

Check out our Learn a Language page for more information on these resources for learning to speak Spanish.

Spanish, or Castellano, is the official language of the whole country. However, there are four areas with an official co-language, Catalan (and its variant Valencian), Galician (Gallego), and Basque Country (Euskera).

Getting around – transport in Spain

One of the things we love most about living in Spain is getting to explore this fabulous country and the rest of Europe. And, you can do a lot because transport options are easy and cheap. Like many other European countries, Spain has an excellent public transportation system. There are also networks of private companies running buses in Spain.

Air travel in Spain

There are around 50 airports in Spain that offer commercial travel. So, you are never far from being able to hop on a plane. Internal flights are generally reasonably priced, as are flights around Europe.

Direct flights to many US hubs from Spain are regular and cheap, as are flights to London and other UK hubs.

We use Vueling (Spain’s low-cost airline) for most of our European flights. You’ll see constant offers as Vueling and Iberia share more than 50% of the market. Other popular carriers are RyanAirAir Europa, and Norwegian.

Beautiful scenery in Galicia, Spain
Canyon de Rio Sil, Galicia, Spain

The biggest airports are (with the official airport code):

  • Adolfo Suárez Madrid – Barajas. Madrid. (MAD)
  • Barcelona El Prat. Barcelona. (BCN)
  • Palma de Mallorca Airport. Palma de Mallorca. (PMI)
  • Málaga – Costa del Sol. Málaga. (AGP)
  • Alicante – Elche. Alicante. (ALC)

Rail travel in Spain

We use the train system locally and for longer trips. We love the relaxed atmosphere and the views as you travel. And, our choice is not unusual; for many people living in Spain, travel by high speed trains is a common way of getting around.

Spain’s rail network is efficient, safe, and cheap. For many, it is a great option for both short and long trips.

RENFE is the national operator and has many services. For instance, they run the high-speed AVE service between Madrid, Barcelona, Malaga, and Seville. These services also form part of an extended high-speed network in Europe.

Driving in Spain

In Spain, as in all of Europe and the USA, vehicles drive on the right-hand side of the road.

While some Expats complain about Spanish drivers, this may be based on differences in both local laws and approaches. Spain has just 3.7 road deaths per 100,000 inhabitants. This compares exceptionally well with 12.4 in the USA and 5.6 in Australia.

Note: Be aware when using the (many) roundabouts. With a big mix of Expats, locals, and visitors, there are mixed views on the correct practice!

Your driver’s license is valid in Spain for 6 months. Most people require an international driver’s permit (IDP or IDL) if their license is not issued in Spanish.

You can drive in Spain with a license from your home country if you’re from an EU country. But, after six months of living in Spain, your driver’s license is no longer valid. This means all Expats must exchange their licenses or resit the test. Only countries on this list can exchange their licenses. All others need to resit the full test, including American (USA), Australian, and Canadian drivers.

UK license holders had until June 30th, 2021 to swap their licenses. However, if you did not swap your license before then, you need to sit the test. See our moving to Spain after BREXIT article for more details.

Health and Health Care for Expats living in Spain

The COVID-19 pandemic reinforced the importance of access to quality healthcare. The way the Spanish authorities responded, from primary care through to the vaccine rollout, was impressive, even if the start was not great.

As we’re now in our 50s, we seem to need more and more medical attention. Thankfully, our experience has been overwhelmingly good (since we found the right private health cover!)

Spain has one of the longest life expectancies in the world, and it looks set to keep on improving. There are several reasons for this.

  1. The abundance of good, fresh food.
  2. Spanish people traditionally follow the Mediterranean diet. This diet has been strongly linked to excellent health outcomes.
  3. There is a relaxed attitude and importance placed on strong social ties.

4. There is one more critical factor: healthcare in Spain.

Spain has one of the most effective health systems in the world. There is a public healthcare service, and all citizens have access to free healthcare. In addition, Expats who pay into social security can also use this system.

Most Expats in Spain have private health insurance, however. Medical insurance is affordable and offers great benefits and access to a broader choice of medical professionals. This is the way to go if you want to access a healthcare professional who speaks your language. It is also required when you apply for many long-stay visas.

There are two common ways to access the private healthcare system in Spain. They are very different options, so we have all the information to choose the perfect policy.

  1. Private Health Insurance in Spain. Private health insurance may be the best option if you are planning to live in Spain for a while.
  2. Expat health insurance for Expats. International health insurance may be a better option to explore if you plan to move to more than one country.

Spanish Culture & Lifestyle

Spain is one of the most vibrant and social countries in Southern Europe. There is an emphasis on spending quality time with friends and family. Eating out is cheap and forms an integral part of many people’s lives.

The Spanish enjoy a laid-back lifestyle with lots of good food and outdoor activities. There are beaches, mountains, forests, rivers, and lakes. Fishing, hiking, cycling, skiing, and more are everyday activities for young and old alike.

Many of Spain’s traditions are still vibrantly observed. The year is dotted with wonderful festivals, celebrations, and community events. From Catalonia’s extraordinary human towers to the pageantry of Semana Santa in Seville, there is something to astound.

Even the smallest town has a unique festival day as well as regional and national traditions that make the Spanish lifestyle truly enchanting. The community coming together every couple of weeks underpins the rhythm of life in Spain.

Cost of Living in Spain

Spain has a much lower cost of living than many other first-world countries and has one of the cheapest lifestyles in Western Europe.

How much you spend can vary hugely. Living in a big house in a fancy Madrid suburb will cost you much more than an apartment in a small inland town. In general, premium cities like Madrid, Barcelona, San Sebastián, or Sitges can be up to 50% more expensive for rent than inland areas. Prices of various goods and services may also be more expensive in city centers. A couple can live a very comfortable life on $2,000 to $2,500 per month in a medium-sized beach town and much less inland.

Cost-of-living statistics

But, some broad statistics can give you an idea. According to OECD statistics, the average disposable income in Spain is USD $23,999 – USD $7,600 below the OECD average. The USA average is USD $45,284 – almost double that of Spain.

Another rough guide is the US State Department per diem rate. This is the amount the State Department pays its employees to cover their daily living expenses abroad. The average for Spain is 75% of the United Kingdom and 55% of Switzerland. That means your money will go much further in Madrid than it will in London or Basal.

This means that many things in Spain are very affordable. Eating out is cheap, with a three-course lunchtime “menu del dia” often costing under €10 – €20 with a glass of wine thrown in. You can save money on fresh food by shopping from local markets that are a great source of fresh, seasonal produce.

Wine, beer, and spirits are cheap compared to many countries in the European Union. And with local wine regions like Rioja, Priorat, Penedes, and Ribera del Duero producing world-class wines, there’s much to enjoy.

Most mid-size and large towns in Spain have access to national chain retailers like Desigual, Kiabi, Zara, and Pull & Bear. Clothing at these retailers is very cheap. You’ll also find many unique shops that offer more boutique items with matching price tags. Most high streets have these local shops scattered throughout.

The low average wage and relatively high unemployment rate mean that home help is also reasonably priced.

A street scene in Barcelona

Is living in Spain Safe?

We feel wonderfully secure living in Spain. While we have experienced petty theft (hello Barcelona pickpockets!), we are happy to get out and about without the worries we’ve had in other countries.

Spain moved out of the Franco dictatorship in 1978. Since then, it has been a functional democracy in good standing with the world. While local politics can be tumultuous, there has been a focus on moving beyond the problems of the past.

There are still significant issues to be addressed. Catalan independence is a problematic issue that has no easy solution in sight. Levels of youth unemployment, while falling, continue to be higher than desirable. And the crash of 2008 and the impacts of COVID-19 have weakened both the economy and some social institutions.

However, the European country is considered safe for Expats. The Legatum Prosperity Index ranks Spain 32nd in the world for Safety and Security. Security has improved markedly over the last decade and continues an upward trajectory. Other than petty crime in the large cities and tourist hotspots, living in Spain is very secure.

Financial and Business

The financial crisis hit Spain hard, but employment numbers have recently gone up, and the economy is growing. The same improvement also applies to salaries in Spain, which are steadily increasing. Combined, this means now is the time to grab an opportunity in Spain. The recovery has been broad, and most sectors have shown strong growth in the last few years.

Red tape and bureaucracy can be a problem, with unclear directives and long waiting times. Setting up a business can be frustrating without support, and expect a couple of attempts at getting things done. Officials are almost unfailingly polite, but the inflexibility of the system can end up wasting time.

Property prices across Spain have stabilized and have been climbing steadily, but there is still excellent value to be had in some areas.

Most immigrants can be found in Madrid and Barcelona, which are the biggest cities in the country and offer the most career prospects.

For Expats who want to work in Spain, there is a wide range of Spain work visas and Spain work permits. Please see our article for all the details.

All about Spain as a country

Spain’s people

Spain is home to 47 million people, double what it was less than 100 years ago. And, a big part of that population growth is a result of Spain’s welcome to Expats.

Expats living in Spain represent the entire world, with around 5.5 million residents born in a foreign country. Around 45% come from South and Central America, 30% from other European Union countries, and 25% from the rest of the world. There’s also a population of immigrants from North Africa and South America, making Spain a melting pot of cultures and traditions. And it is not just retirees; Spain attracts students, startups, professionals, families, and more.


Spain has an extraordinary variety packed into 505,990 square kilometers. From the fresh, green mountains of Galicia to the hot, dry coast of Andalusia. The cool, wild Atlantic coast contrasts the warm, calm Mediterranean. And, the snow-covered Sierra Nevada and Pyrenees mountain ranges stretch down to the Mongros desert. And off the mainland, there are the fabled Balearic and Canary Islands.

And, all of that is crisscrossed by mighty rivers, including the Ebro, Douro, Tagus, and Guadiana.

There really is something for everyone. And, much is still pristine, with 12 million hectares of land and 5 million hectares of marine areas protected.

City vs. Country

Almost 80% of the population lives in urban areas, up from 60% in 1965. And, 16% live in the five biggest cities of Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, and Zaragoza.

Expat populations are the biggest in the cities too. But, in the famous Expat towns along the Mediterranean coast, they are much more noticeable in the smaller setting. And, for the many Expats that prefer peace, country or rural towns will be preferable to big cities.

We’ve put together our view of the best places for Expats to live in Spain.

Spain’s climate

As you would guess from the geography, Spain has a varied climate.

The North Atlantic coast is generally cooler and wetter, with mild summers and cold winters.

The central inland has a continental climate, hot in summer and cold in winter, with less rainfall than some coastal areas. But, the high mountain ranges are cool in summer and snow-bound in winter.

The coastal areas along the Mediterranean are milder but vary hugely from Catalonia in the North to Andalusia which has an average of 320 sunny days per year.

The Canary Islands are sub-tropical, while the Balearic Islands offer a more Mediterranean climate. Most Expats find Spain to have a pleasant climate as compared to many Western countries.

Fireworks festival in Spain
This is a festival in our little town in June. It is an amazing experience!

If you dream of living in Spain, get started today!

We are Expats in Spain, having lived here for six years now. We love this European country and are very grateful for the opportunity we have. If you’re interested in living abroad in Europe, Spain is one of the countries you should consider.

Spain’s cost of living and wonderful lifestyle are the big factors for us. The excellent immigration options, fantastic schools, and outdoor lifestyle add to the appeal.

For others, it is the proximity to Europe, the amazing and cheap Spanish food, and the cultural richness. Whatever the reasons resonate with you, we hope to see you in Spain soon. And, if you do, please remember to say, “¡Hola!” when you pass by.

If you want to enter Spain and see for yourself, you’ll need a visa or permit. We’ve written a detailed article on Spain’s Visas and Residency permit options to cover all the visa requirements and everything you need to get started. It is the first step of the journey toward becoming a Spanish resident.

If you would like faster and more personal advice, our recommended Spanish Immigration Lawyers offer a 30-minute consultation to understand the best visa route for your family and a plan on how to achieve it.

Living In Spain FAQ – Where Can I Live

What is the quality of life in Spain for Expats?

Spain has an excellent quality of life for locals and Expats living in Spain. Expat life is filled with a strong sense of community, a low cost of living, an excellent public transportation system, and safety.

Is Spain a good place to live?

Yes! We love living in Spain even after almost eight years. And, we know many Expats around the country who feel the same way. Since there are many Expats in Spain, the likelihood of experiencing major culture shock is lower. The laid-back lifestyle, wholesome food, low cost of living, and more make Spain the perfect destination for Expats building a new life.

Is Spain a good place to raise a family?

Yes. Spanish society values kids and makes space for them as part of the Spanish culture. Excellent healthcare and good schools make Spain a great place to raise a family.

Is Spain a happy place to live?

Yes, the Spanish lifestyle is very laid back and happy. Spain ranks 29th on the World Happiness report for 2022, and the excellent quality of life supports this. In short, Spain is a great country to live in.

What time do Spanish go to bed?

Spanish people tend to go to bed much later than in the USA. Dinner at 10 pm for the family is not uncommon, with even kids up until midnight.

How long is lunch in Spain?

Commonly lunch is taken around 1:30 – 2 pm, and then siesta follows. On Sunday, it can last all afternoon. Business hours are usually from 10 am to 8 pm, but many shops are closed from 1 pm – 5 pm.

Can you drink tap water in Spain?

Yes, Spain’s drinking water is safe to drink. In some areas, it can taste unusual due to higher concentrations of minerals.

How much money do I need to live comfortably in Spain?

See our cost of living in Spain guide. Your living costs ultimately depend on where and how you live. Big cities and beachside towns have higher living costs than inland villages. Eating out, groceries, fuel, and domestic help are much cheaper than in most Western European countries.

Is it cheaper to live in Spain or UK?

Most people will find living in Spain much cheaper than living in the UK for an equivalent lifestyle.

Is it cheaper to live in Spain than in the US?

Most people will find living in Spain much cheaper than living in the USA for an equivalent lifestyle.

Is it expensive to live in Spain?

This depends on where and how you live. Major cities and beachside towns are more expensive than inland villages. Eating out, groceries, fuel, and domestic help are much cheaper than in most Western European countries.

Is education free in Spain?

Public schools are free or very cheap. There are semi-private and private schools that range in price.

Are there many Expats in Spain?

Yes, around 9% of residents in Spain were born in another country.

How do Expats live in Spain?

Spain has a wide range of visas and residence permits for Expats who want to live in Spain.

Is Spain Expat friendly?

Yes, on the whole, Expats are made welcome in Spain. There is very little xenophobia or hostility toward immigrants in Spain making Expat life easier. Due to this lack of prejudices, it’s can be easy to make great friends in Spain.

Where do most English-speaking Expats live in Spain?

The largest populations of English-speaking Expats are in Madrid and Barcelona. There are also significant populations in coastal areas like Andalusia.

Is healthcare free in Spain?

Spain has free public healthcare for citizens and some Expats. You can use public health insurance or excellent and cheap private health insurance to access the private healthcare system.

Does Spain have good healthcare?

Yes, Spain’s healthcare system is one of the best globally.

Can I get residency in Spain if I buy a house?

Yes, Spain’s Golden visa offers residency for Expats who buy a property worth more than é500,000.

Is buying property in Spain a good idea?

Yes, buying a home in Spain is an excellent idea for many Expats. There’s no restriction on foreign ownership of properties, and since 2008 the Spanish property market has shown substantial growth in many areas. The Spanish government encourages buying property in the country and you can even get a golden visa out of it. However, you might need some help navigating the Spanish government and its bureaucracy.

Do people in Spain speak English?

Spain has low levels of English speakers compared to countries like the Netherlands and Portugal. Learning Spanish will make your life easier in many situations.

How long does it take to learn Spanish?

Learning Spanish will take effort – but we have some great tips to get you started. Resources like intensive Spanish classes and Intercambio will get you fluent faster.

Can foreigners live in Spain?

Yes, there are many Spanish visas and immigration programs for foreigners living abroad in Spain.

Can a British citizen move to Spain?

Yes, UK citizens have the same opportunities as any other non-EU citizens to move to Spain.

Can UK citizens move to Spain after Brexit?

Yes, please read our guide for UK citizens to move to Spain after BREXIT.

Can I live in Spain as an American?

Yes, US citizens are welcome in Spain with the same immigration options as any non-EU citizen.

Is it hard to immigrate to Spain?

No. There is an excellent range of visa and residency programs for many Expats who want to live in Spain. We partner with a brilliant Spanish Immigration Lawyer who will help you through the entire process from visa requirements to residency and more.

Where is the best area to live in Spain?

We love our beach town outside of Barcelona. However, Spain offers everything from snow-capped mountains to island paradise – check out our guide to the best places to live in Spain.

Where is the best coastal town to live in Spain?

Spain’s coastline is famous – see our guide to the best coastal towns to live in Spain.

Where is the best place in Spain to retire?

Spain is a retirement destination for many people. the small coastal towns are perfect for those who prefer peace and serenity while the big cities are ideal if you want more job opportunities and great nightlife. Please see our Retire in Spain guide for the best places to retire in Spain.

How safe is living in Spain?

Spain is one of the safest places to live in the world. There is very little violent crime, and the country faces few natural disaster threats.

Is Spain safe for Expats?

Yes, Expats are generally welcomed in Spain, and xenophobic behavior is very uncommon.

Is Spain safe for women?

Yes, Spain is safe for females. While there are still issues with violence against women, it is lower than in many other countries.

Do Expats pay taxes in Spain?

Some Expats do pay tax in Spain. However, opportunities like the Beckham Law are worth exploring with an expert Spanish Tax Lawyer.

Should I tip in Spain?

You don’t have to tip in Spain except in restaurants where rounding up is generally sufficient.

How is the climate in Spain?

Spain has many different geographies – mountains, coasts, islands, inland areas, etc. There is a climate to suit almost everyone.

What is winter like in Spain?

While winters in Southern Spain are mild, the central and mountainous regions get regular snow in winter.

Where in Spain is warm all year round?

The Canary Islands, Andalusia, and Costa Blanca all have short, mild winters for those living in Spain who like it warm!


  1. Hi Mr. Johnson,

    I’m very much interested in retiring to Spain in Autumn 2022. I live in Alaska, USA.

    We have a Spanish Embassy here in Anchorage, Alaska.

    Your article came up on my Google search.

    I spent time in Barcelona, great city but I’d like to visit around in Spain before I settle. Thank goodness for monthly let’s.

    How can you help me get there?

    Thank you, JPatch

    1. Hi. We’re launching an entire resource kit for Spain in the coming weeks. It’ll cover everything you need to know. Let us know if you’d like to be added to the list as soon as we release it. Regards, Alastair

  2. I think I might like to live in Northern Spain where the Pyrenes mountains are located. My ethnic heritage is Hispanic with ancestry from Spain, Portugal, Ireland and Prussia. I am fluent in Spanish but a bit rusty in my grammar especially written Spanish. Still I am able to communicate just fine with my parents who only speak Spanish and have had no problems speaking with Spanish speakers in Central and South America although it does take me a short while to adjust to each dialect.

  3. We think that we would like to spend a year in the EU, staying in warmer climates during winter months. Our thoughts lean towards finding a “home base” apartment for six months in part of the EU and then another 6 months in another area.

    By doing this we hope to gain enough local knowledge to plan for either longer stays or perhaps permanent retirement.

    We are retired and doing some volunteer work with our assignment ending late July 2022. We’d love to receive the information that we see you offering to others.

    Thanks very much.

  4. I would like to spend a month in Spain this summer so my 7 year old can attend camp and be immersed in Spanish (he understands Spanish but does not speak much). I have no idea how to find a camp (I am also not Spanish speaking). Do you have any guidance? We are from the United States.

    1. Hi Rebecca – a great place to start is on Expat in Spain Facebook groups in the area you are interested in – ask the question as people are very generous with their time and insights. Look for group names like:
      Living in …
      Expats in …
      English-speakers in …
      All the best, Alastair

  5. I live in the United States and am conducting research regarding retiring n Spain. I appreciate your past references.

    My current question is more a concern. Our State department posted this warning “Do not travel to Spain due to COVID-19. Exercise increased caution in Spain due to terrorism and civil unrest.”

    Can you point me to a source for this waring? I Span to visit Spain sometime during our Summer months of June, July or August 2022. I would like have some insights beyond the health and Visa application requirements. Any help/advice is appreciated.

    1. Hi Jospeh. We live in Spain and although the COVID-19 impacts are not over, life is definitly returning to normal. Bars, restuarants, and clubs are open and the mask madates are scheduled to be lifted on April 20th. There have been no terrorism or civil unrest issues for some time. All the best, Alastair

      1. Apologize for the big delay in responding.

        You comments were appreciated.

        I just returned from visiting Alicante in the Costa Blanca region. It went great. learned a lot. Working my language skills.

        During my visit I met with a Realty agency and am waiting for a follow up email response.

        I know I will have more questions as we move forward.

        All the best

  6. Can you plz send me your kit of moving and living in Spain plz? Thanks so much, Elizabeth

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